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LWN.net is a comprehensive source of news and opinions from and about the Linux community. This is the main LWN.net feed, listing all articles which are posted to the site front page.
업데이트: 1시간 53분 지남

[$] CHAOSS project bringing order to open-source metrics

수, 2019/09/04 - 3:41오전
Providing meaningful metrics for open-source projects has long been a challenge, as simply measuring downloads, commits, or GitHub stars typically doesn't say much about the health or diversity of a project. It's a challenge the Linux Foundation's Community Health Analytics Open Source Software (CHAOSS) project is looking to help solve. At the 2019 Open Source Summit North America (OSSNA), Sean Goggins, one of the founding members of CHAOSS, outlined what the group is currently doing and why its initial efforts didn't work out as expected.
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Android 10 released

수, 2019/09/04 - 3:29오전
Google has announced the release of Android 10, the free parts of which are available from the Android Open Source Project now. "Privacy is a central focus in Android 10, from stronger protections in the platform to new features designed with privacy in mind. Building on previous releases, Android 10 includes extensive changes to protect privacy and give users control, with improved system UI, stricter permissions, and restrictions on what data apps can use."
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Firefox 69.0 released

화, 2019/09/03 - 11:55오후
Firefox 69.0 has been released. This release enables on-by-default Enhanced Tracking Protection for all users and gives more control over blocking playback of videos which start playing automatically. See the release notes for details.
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Security updates for Tuesday

화, 2019/09/03 - 11:39오후
Security updates have been issued by Debian (qemu), Fedora (ansible and wavpack), openSUSE (apache-commons-beanutils, apache2, go1.12, httpie, libreoffice, qemu, and slurm), Oracle (ghostscript), Scientific Linux (ghostscript), SUSE (ardana-ansible, ardana-barbican, ardana-cinder, ardana-cluster, ardana-cobbler, ardana-db, ardana-designate, ardana-extensions-nsx, ardana-glance, ardana-heat, ardana-horizon, ardana-input-model, ardana-installer-ui, ardana-ironic, ardana-keystone, ardana-logging, ardana-magnum, ardana-monasca, ardana-mq, ardana-neutron, ardana-nova, ardana-octavia, ardana-opsconsole, ardana-opsconsole-ui, ardana-osconfig, ardana-service, ardana-ses, ardana-swift, ardana-tempest, crowbar-core, crowbar-ha, crowbar-openstack, crowbar-ui, java-monasca-common, java-monasca-common-kit, openstack-ceilometer, openstack-cinder, openstack-designate, openstack-heat, openstack-horizon-plugin-neutron-fwaas-ui, openstack-horizon-plugin-neutron-lbaas-ui, openstack-horizon-plugin-neutron-vpnaas-ui, openstack-ironic, openstack-ironic-python-agent, openstack-keystone, openstack-magnum, openstack-manila, openstack-monasca-notification, openstack-monasca-persister, openstack -monasca-persister-java, openstack-monasca-persister-java-kit, openstack-neutron, openstack-neutron-gbp, openstack-neutron-lbaas, openstack-nova, openstack-octavia, openstack-tempest, python-ardana-configurationprocessor, python-cinder-tempest-plugin, python-ironicclient, python-keystonemiddleware, python-monasca-tempest-plugin, python-openstackclient, python-openstacksdk, python-proliantutils, python-python-engineio, python-swiftlm, python-vmware-nsx, python-vmware-nsxlib, yast2-crowbar, pacemaker, and php72), and Ubuntu (linux, linux-aws, linux-kvm, linux-raspi2, linux-snapdragon, linux-aws, linux-oracle, linux-raspi2, linux-raspi2, linux-snapdragon, and policykit-1).
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[$] Bias and ethical issues in machine-learning models

화, 2019/09/03 - 8:16오전
The success stories that have gathered around data analytics drive broader adoption of the newest artificial-intelligence-based techniques—but risks come along with these techniques. The large numbers of freshly anointed data scientists piling into industry and the sensitivity of the areas given over to machine-learning models—hiring, loans, even sentencing for crime—means there is a danger of misapplied models, which is earning the attention of the public. Two sessions at the recent MinneBOS 2019 conference focused on maintaining ethics and addressing bias in machine-learning applications.
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Kernel prepatch 5.3-rc7

화, 2019/09/03 - 2:32오전
The 5.3-rc7 kernel prepatch is out for testing, one day later than usual. The final 5.3 release may also be delayed a week to accommodate Linus's travel schedule: "So I do suspect that with my timing (and a number of other developers are probably going to be traveling for LPC and KS too) I'll just make an rc8 even if it turns this Labor Day week ends up being very quiet and there might not be any _technical_ reason to delay the release."
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Security updates for Monday

월, 2019/09/02 - 11:19오후
Security updates have been issued by Debian (gosa, libav, libextractor, nghttp2, pump, and python2.7), Fedora (dovecot, mod_http2, and pango), Gentoo (dovecot, gnome-desktop, libofx, and nautilus), Mageia (ansible, ghostscript, graphicsmagick, memcached, mpg123, pango, vlc, wavpack, webmin, wireshark, and wpa_supplicant, hostapd), openSUSE (flatpak, libmirage, podman, slirp4netns and libcontainers-common, python-SQLAlchemy, and qemu), Red Hat (ghostscript, java-1.8.0-ibm, and squid:4), and SUSE (kernel, libsolv, libzypp, zypper, NetworkManager, nodejs10, nodejs8, perl, python-Django, and python-SQLAlchemy).
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[$] Examining exFAT

토, 2019/08/31 - 3:43오전
Linux kernel developers like to get support for new features — such as filesystem types — merged quickly. In the case of the exFAT filesystem, that didn't happen; exFAT was created by Microsoft in 2006 for use in larger flash-storage cards, but there has never been support in the kernel for this filesystem. Microsoft's recent announcement that it wanted to get exFAT support into the mainline kernel would appear to have removed the largest obstacle to Linux exFAT support. But, as is so often the case, it seems that some challenges remain.
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A very deep dive into iOS Exploit chains found in the wild (Project Zero)

토, 2019/08/31 - 12:59오전
It's not Linux but is worth a read: Google's Project Zero blog has a highly detailed analysis of several iOS exploits and how they were used to compromise large numbers of devices. "There's something thus far which is conspicuous only by its absence: is any of this encrypted? The short answer is no: they really do POST everything via HTTP (not HTTPS) and there is no asymmetric (or even symmetric) encryption applied to the data which is uploaded. Everything is in the clear. If you're connected to an unencrypted WiFi network this information is being broadcast to everyone around you, to your network operator and any intermediate network hops to the command and control server. This means that not only is the end-point of the end-to-end encryption offered by messaging apps compromised; the attackers then send all the contents of the end-to-end encrypted messages in plain text over the network to their server."
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Security updates for Friday

금, 2019/08/30 - 9:56오후
Security updates have been issued by Arch Linux (dovecot, gettext, go, go-pie, libnghttp2, and pigeonhole), Debian (djvulibre, dovecot, and subversion), Fedora (sleuthkit and wireshark), openSUSE (containerd, docker, docker-runc, and qbittorrent), Oracle (pango), SUSE (kernel, nodejs10, and python-SQLAlchemy), and Ubuntu (apache2).
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[$] Change IDs for kernel patches

금, 2019/08/30 - 1:58오전
For all its faults, email has long proved to be an effective communication mechanism for kernel development. Similarly, Git is an effective tool for source-code management. But there is no real connection between the two, meaning that there is no straightforward way to connect a Git commit with the email discussions that led to its acceptance. Once a patch enters a repository, it transitions into a new form of existence and leaves its past life behind. Doug Anderson recently went to the ksummit-discuss list with a proposal to add Gerrit-style change IDs as a way of connecting the two lives of a kernel patch; the end result may not be quite what he was asking for.
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Stable kernels 5.2.11, 4.19.69, and 4.14.141

금, 2019/08/30 - 12:25오전
Greg Kroah-Hartman has released the latest batch of stable kernels: 5.2.11, 4.19.69, and 4.14.141. As usual, they contain important fixes all over the kernel tree; users should upgrade.
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Ovid: Is Perl 6 Being Renamed?

목, 2019/08/29 - 10:49오후
Blogger Ovid writes about the push to rebrand Perl 6. "So yeah, there's bitterness and the Perl community not only needs to heal, but we need to find a way forward for both languages. The suggestion to change the name of Perl 6 to 'raku' is effectively designed to make this happen. Perl 5 can figure out how to get beyond the branding issue that's been plaguing it and Perl 6 can do the same thing."
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Security updates for Thursday

목, 2019/08/29 - 10:21오후
Security updates have been issued by Debian (apache2 and faad2), openSUSE (schismtracker), Red Hat (ceph and pango), Scientific Linux (pango), SUSE (apache-commons-beanutils, ceph, php7, and qemu), and Ubuntu (ceph, dovecot, and ghostscript).
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[$] LWN.net Weekly Edition for August 29, 2019

목, 2019/08/29 - 9:44오전
The LWN.net Weekly Edition for August 29, 2019 is available.
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[$] Open-source voting for San Francisco

목, 2019/08/29 - 7:41오전
To open-source fans, the lure of open-source voting systems is surely strong. So a talk at 2019 Open Source Summit North America on a project for open-source voting in San Francisco sounded promising; it is a city with lots of technical know-how among its inhabitants. While progress has definitely been made—though at an almost glacially slow speed—there is no likelihood that the city will be voting using open-source software in the near future. The talk by Tony Wasserman was certainly interesting, however, and provided a look at the intricacies of elections and voting that make it clear the problem is not as easy as it might at first appear.
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Microsoft to put exFAT support into the kernel

목, 2019/08/29 - 2:28오전
Linux support for the exFAT filesystem has had a long and troubled history; Microsoft has long asserted patents in this area that have prevented that code from being merged into the kernel. Microsoft has just changed its tune, announcing that upstreaming exFAT is now OK: "It’s important to us that the Linux community can make use of exFAT included in the Linux kernel with confidence. To this end, we will be making Microsoft’s technical specification for exFAT publicly available to facilitate development of conformant, interoperable implementations. We also support the eventual inclusion of a Linux kernel with exFAT support in a future revision of the Open Invention Network’s Linux System Definition, where, once accepted, the code will benefit from the defensive patent commitments of OIN’s 3040+ members and licensees."
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GNOME Foundation launches Coding Education Challenge

목, 2019/08/29 - 1:46오전
The GNOME Foundation, with support from Endless, has announced the Coding Education Challenge, a competition aimed to attract projects that offer educators and students new and innovative ideas to teach coding with free and open source software. "Anyone is encouraged to submit a proposal. Individuals and teams will be judged through three tiers of competition. Twenty winners will be selected from an open call for ideas and will each receive $6,500 in prize money. Those winners will progress to a proof of concept round and build a working prototype. Five winners from that round will be awarded $25,000 and progress to the final round where they will turn the prototype into an end product. The final winner will receive a prize of $100,000 and the second placed product a prize of $25,000."
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[$] Ask the TAB

목, 2019/08/29 - 12:13오전
The Linux Foundation (LF) Technical Advisory Board (TAB) is meant to give the kernel community some representation within the foundation. In a "birds of a feather" (BoF) session at the 2019 Open Source Summit North America, four TAB members participated in an "Ask the TAB" session. Laura Abbott organized the BoF and Tim Bird, Greg Kroah-Hartman, and Steven Rostedt joined in as well. In the session, the history behind the TAB, its role, and some of its activities over the years were described.
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Security updates for Wednesday

수, 2019/08/28 - 11:28오후
Security updates have been issued by Debian (dovecot), Fedora (docker and nghttp2), Oracle (pango), SUSE (apache2, fontforge, ghostscript-library, libreoffice, libvirt, podman, slirp4netns and libcontainers-common, postgresql10, and slurm), and Ubuntu (dovecot).
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