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LWN.net is a comprehensive source of news and opinions from and about the Linux community. This is the main LWN.net feed, listing all articles which are posted to the site front page.
업데이트: 2시간 39분 지남

Five new stable kernels

금, 2021/05/07 - 11:15오후
New stable kernels 5.12.2, 5.11.19, 5.10.35, 5.4.117, and 4.19.190 have been released. They contain a relatively short list of updates throughout the tree; users of those series should upgrade.
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Security updates for Friday

금, 2021/05/07 - 10:55오후
Security updates have been issued by Debian (mediawiki and unbound1.9), Fedora (djvulibre and samba), Mageia (ceph, messagelib, and pagure), openSUSE (alpine and exim), Oracle (kernel and postgresql), Scientific Linux (postgresql), and Ubuntu (thunderbird and unbound).
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An Interview With Linus Torvalds: Open Source And Beyond - Part 2 (Tag1)

금, 2021/05/07 - 10:45오후
The second half of the interview with Linus Torvalds on the Tag1 Consulting site has been posted.

I think one of the reasons Linux succeeded was exactly the fact that I actually did NOT have a big plan, and did not have high expectations of where things would go, and so when people started sending me patches, or sending me requests for features, to me that was all great, and I had no preconceived notion of what Linux should be. End result: all those individuals (and later big companies) that wanted to participate in Linux kernel development had a fairly easy time to do so, because I was quite open to Linux doing things that I personally had had no real interest in originally.

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[$] A pair of memory-allocation improvements in 5.13

목, 2021/05/06 - 11:23오후
Among the many changes merged for 5.13 can be found performance improvements throughout the kernel. This work does not always stand out the way that new features do, but it is vitally important for the future of the kernel overall. In the memory-management area, a couple of long-running patch sets have finally made it into the mainline; these provide a bulk page-allocation interface and huge-page mappings in the vmalloc() area. Both of these changes should make things faster, at least for some workloads.
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Security updates for Thursday

목, 2021/05/06 - 10:29오후
Security updates have been issued by Debian (python-django), Fedora (java-latest-openjdk, libopenmpt, python-yara, skopeo, thunderbird, and yara), openSUSE (ceph and openexr), Red Hat (postgresql), SUSE (libxml2), and Ubuntu (exim4 and gnome-autoar).
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[$] LWN.net Weekly Edition for May 6, 2021

목, 2021/05/06 - 12:41오후
The LWN.net Weekly Edition for May 6, 2021 is available.
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[$] A replacement for third-party cookies?

목, 2021/05/06 - 7:19오전
The era of tracking users all across the web using third-party cookies is coming to a close; that type of cookie is something of a zombie at this point. All of the major browsers, save one, are blocking third-party cookies by default and the holdout, Google Chrome, plans to make that change next year. But Google, which has a business model built around advertising that benefits greatly from the status quo, has offered up an alternative scheme to "replace" third-party cookies. The Federated Learning of Cohorts (FLoC) is an in-browser mechanism to pigeonhole users in a way that will be useful to advertisers, but the only reason the idea has any traction at all is because it is being implemented in Chrome—the dominant browser today.
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The TAB report on the UMN affair

목, 2021/05/06 - 2:46오전
The Linux Foundation Technical Advisory Board has issued its report on the submission of (intentionally and unintentionally) buggy patches from the University of Minnesota.

This report summarizes the events that led to this point, reviews the "Hypocrite Commits" paper that had been submitted for publication, and reviews all known prior kernel commits from UMN paper authors that had been accepted into our source repository. It concludes with a few suggestions about how the community, with UMN included, can move forward.

The recommendations include establishing an internal review process for patches submitted by the community and the creation (by the TAB in cooperation with researchers) of a "best practices" document for researchers working with the kernel community.

(LWN editor Jonathan Corbet played a small part in the writing of this report).

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Security updates for Wednesday

목, 2021/05/06 - 12:23오전
Security updates have been issued by Debian (cgal, exim4, and mediawiki), Fedora (axel, libmicrohttpd, libtpms, perl-Image-ExifTool, pngcheck, python-yara, and yara), Gentoo (exim), Mageia (kernel-linus), openSUSE (bind and postsrsd), SUSE (avahi, openexr, p7zip, python-Pygments, python36, samba, sca-patterns-sle11, and webkit2gtk3), and Ubuntu (nvidia-graphics-drivers-390, nvidia-graphics-drivers-418-server, nvidia-graphics-drivers-450, nvidia-graphics-drivers-450-server, nvidia-graphics-drivers-460, nvidia-graphics-drivers-460-server).
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[$] Rustls: memory safety for TLS

수, 2021/05/05 - 5:45오전
The movement toward using memory-safe languages, and Rust in particular, has picked up a lot of steam over the past year or two. Removing the possibility of buffer overflows, use-after-free bugs, and other woes associated with unmanaged pointers is an attractive feature, especially given that the majority of today's vulnerabilities stem from memory-safety issues. On April 20, the Internet Security Research Group (ISRG) announced a funding initiative targeting the Rustls TLS library in order to prepare it for more widespread adoption—including by ISRG's Let's Encrypt project.
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Security updates for Tuesday

수, 2021/05/05 - 12:49오전
Security updates have been issued by Debian (bind9, chromium, exim4, and subversion), Fedora (exiv2 and skopeo), openSUSE (gsoap), Oracle (bind, kernel, and sudo), SUSE (bind, ceph, ceph, deepsea, permissions, and stunnel), and Ubuntu (clamav, exim4, openvpn, python-django, and samba).
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An important Exim security release

수, 2021/05/05 - 12:20오전
There are, it seems, 21 vulnerabilities in the Exim email server that have been fixed in the 4.94.2 release; at least some of these are remotely exploitable for root access. "The current Exim versions (and likely older versions too) suffer from several exploitable vulnerabilities. These vulnerabilities were reported by Qualys via security@exim.org back in October 2020. Due to several internal reasons it took more time than usual for the Exim development team to work on these reported issues in a timely manner." See this advisory from Qualys for the details.
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Instant replay: Debugging C and C++ programs with rr (Red Hat Developer)

화, 2021/05/04 - 11:35오후
The Red Hat Developer Blog has posted an introduction to the rr debugger. "rr records trace information about the execution of an application. This information allows you to repeatedly replay a particular recording of a failure and examine it in the GNU Debugger (GDB) to better investigate the cause. In addition to replaying the trace, rr lets you run the program in reverse, in essence allowing you 'rewind the tape' to see what happened earlier in the execution of the program."
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[$] A "kill" button for control groups

화, 2021/05/04 - 12:51오전
The kernel's control-group mechanism exists to partition processes and to provide resource guarantees (and limits) for each. Processes running within a properly configured control group are unable to deprive those running in a different group of their allocated resources (CPU time, memory, I/O bandwidth, etc.), and are equally protected from interference by others. With few exceptions, control groups are not used to take direct actions on processes; Christian Brauner's cgroup.kill patch set is meant to be one of those exceptions.
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Security updates for Monday

월, 2021/05/03 - 11:57오후
Security updates have been issued by CentOS (bind, GNOME, java-1.8.0-openjdk, java-11-openjdk, nss and nspr, xstream, and xterm), Debian (bind9 and libimage-exiftool-perl), Fedora (ansible, babel, java-11-openjdk, and java-latest-openjdk), Gentoo (chromium, clamav, firefox, git, grub, python, thunderbird, tiff, webkit-gtk, and xorg-server), Mageia (kernel, nvidia-current, nvidia390, qtbase5, and sdl2), openSUSE (Chromium, cifs-utils, cups, giflib, gsoap, libnettle, librsvg, netdata, postsrsd, samba, thunderbird, virtualbox, and webkit2gtk3), Red Hat (bind), Scientific Linux (bind), and SUSE (containerd, docker, runc and xen).
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Some weekend stable kernels

일, 2021/05/02 - 11:48오후
The 5.12.1, 5.11.18, 5.10.34, and 5.4.116 stable updates have been released. These are small and relatively minor-seeming updates with the exception of 5.4.116, which contains a significant set of BPF verifier fixes.
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QEMU 6.0.0 released

금, 2021/04/30 - 10:28오후
Version 6.0.0 of the QEMU hardware emulator is out. "This release contains 3300+ commits from 268 authors." This release includes a lot of new emulations; see the announcement for a short list or the changelog for details.
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[$] The first half of the 5.13 merge window

금, 2021/04/30 - 10:24오후
As of this writing, just over 7,800 non-merge commits have been pulled into the mainline repository for the 5.13 development cycle. It does indeed seem true that 5.13 will be busier than its predecessor was. The work merged thus far affects subsystems across the kernel; read on for a summary of what has been merged so far.
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Security updates for Friday

금, 2021/04/30 - 10:22오후
Security updates have been issued by Arch Linux (bind, chromium, firefox, gitlab, libupnp, nimble, opera, thunderbird, virtualbox, and vivaldi), Debian (composer, edk2, and libhibernate3-java), Fedora (java-1.8.0-openjdk, jetty, and samba), openSUSE (nim), Oracle (bind and runc), Red Hat (bind), SUSE (cifs-utils, cups, ldb, samba, permissions, samba, and tomcat), and Ubuntu (samba).
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Michlmayr: Growing open-source projects with a stable foundation

금, 2021/04/30 - 1:25오전
Martin Michlmayr has put together a primer on managing open-source projects through their growth cycle, specifically with the help of a support foundation, and published the results as a 67-page PDF file.

Starting an open source project is easy. Running a successful project, on the other hand, comes with a lot of work and responsibilities, especially if the project attracts a large user base. While open source projects come in all shapes and forms, most projects encounter a similar set of growth issues throughout their life cycles. Because of this, various organizations have arisen to help projects handle these problems; these organizations are generally known as FOSS foundations. This primer covers non-technical aspects that the majority of projects will have to consider at some point. It also explains how FOSS foundations can help projects grow and succeed.

He has also posted a separate research report [PDF] on foundations that support open-source projects.

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