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LWN.net is a comprehensive source of news and opinions from and about the Linux community. This is the main LWN.net feed, listing all articles which are posted to the site front page.
업데이트: 1시간 51분 지남

NetBSD 9.0 released

월, 2020/02/17 - 7:03오후
The NetBSD 9.0 release is out. "This is the seventeenth major release of the NetBSD operating system and brings significant improvements in terms of hardware support, quality assurance, security, along with new features and hundreds of bug fixes." Significant new features include Arm64 support, better virtualization support, kernel address-space layout randomization, and more; see the release notes for details.
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Kernel prepatch 5.6-rc2

월, 2020/02/17 - 5:59오후
The 5.6-rc2 kernel prepatch is out for testing. Linus says: "More than half the rc2 patch is actually Documentation updates, because the kvm docs got turned into RST. Another notable chunk is just tooling updates, which is about 50/50 perf updates (much of it due to header file syncing) and - again - kvm".
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OpenSSH 8.2 released

토, 2020/02/15 - 6:21오후
OpenSSH 8.2 is out. This release removes support for the ssh-rsa key algorithm, which may disrupt connectivity to older servers; see the announcement for a way to check whether a given server can handle newer, more secure algorithms. Also new in this release is support for FIDO/U2F hardware tokens.
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A set of weekend stable kernel updates

토, 2020/02/15 - 6:15오후
The 5.5.4, 5.4.20, 4.19.104, 4.14.171, 4.9.214, and 4.4.214 stable kernels have all been released; each contains a relatively large set of important fixes.
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[$] Keeping secrets in memfd areas

토, 2020/02/15 - 12:03오전
Back in November 2019, Mike Rapoport made the case that there is too much address-space sharing in Linux systems. This sharing can be convenient and good for performance, but in an era of advanced attacks and hardware vulnerabilities it also facilitates security problems. At that time, he proposed a number of possible changes in general terms; he has now come back with a patch implementing a couple of address-space isolation options for the memfd mechanism. This work demonstrates the sort of features we may be seeing, but some of the hard work has been left for the future.
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Security updates for Friday

금, 2020/02/14 - 11:37오후
Security updates have been issued by Debian (debian-security-support, postgresql-11, and postgresql-9.6), Fedora (cutter-re, firefox, php-horde-Horde-Data, radare2, and texlive-base), openSUSE (docker-runc), Oracle (kernel), Red Hat (sudo), and Ubuntu (firefox).
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[$] Revisiting stable-kernel regressions

금, 2020/02/14 - 2:15오전
Stable-kernel updates are, unsurprisingly, supposed to be stable; that is why the first of the rules for stable-kernel patches requires them to be "obviously correct and tested". Even so, for nearly as long as the kernel community has been producing stable update releases, said community has also been complaining about regressions that make their way into those releases. Back in 2016, LWN did some analysis that showed the presence of regressions in stable releases, though at a rate that many saw as being low enough. Since then, the volume of patches showing up in stable releases has grown considerably, so perhaps the time has come to see what the situation with regressions is with current stable kernels.
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Security updates for Thursday

목, 2020/02/13 - 11:47오후
Security updates have been issued by Arch Linux (dovecot, firefox, ksh, and webkit2gtk), Debian (firefox-esr and openjdk-8), Mageia (exiv2, flash-player-plugin, python-waitress, and vim and neovim), openSUSE (pcp and rubygem-rack), Oracle (kernel), Red Hat (sudo), and Slackware (libarchive).
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[$] LWN.net Weekly Edition for February 13, 2020

목, 2020/02/13 - 10:22오전
The LWN.net Weekly Edition for February 13, 2020 is available.
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[$] Enabling the persistent journal in Debian

목, 2020/02/13 - 6:24오전
It seems unlikely that anyone on any "side" of the systemd war that has raged in Debian over the last few years thought that the results of the recent general resolution (GR) vote ended the matter. The vote showed a clear preference for moving ahead with systemd as the preferred init system, though it was far from any kind of landslide—there were definitely plenty of voters who would have preferred a different outcome. It was a complicated GR, with a wide spectrum of options, but at this point, the project as a whole has spoken. Actually implementing some of the changes that the GR enabled may not have the smooth path that some might have hoped for, however.
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Horn: Mitigations are attack surface, too

목, 2020/02/13 - 2:13오전
On the Google Project Zero blog, Jann Horn looks at a number of vulnerabilities in a Samsung Android kernel, some of which are caused by the addition of out-of-tree "security" features. "The Samsung kernel on the A50 contains an extra security subsystem (named 'PROCA', short for 'Process Authenticator', with code in security/proca/) to track process identities. By combining several logic issues in this subsystem (which, on their own, can already cause a mismatch between the tracking state and the actual process state) with a brittle code pattern, it is possible to cause memory unsafety by winning a race condition."
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Security updates for Wednesday

목, 2020/02/13 - 12:31오전
Security updates have been issued by CentOS (spice-gtk), Debian (libemail-address-list-perl), openSUSE (chromium, libqt5-qtbase, nginx, systemd, and wicked), Oracle (spice-gtk), Slackware (firefox and thunderbird), and Ubuntu (libexif and Yubico PIV Tool).
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Three stable kernels

수, 2020/02/12 - 9:21오전
Stable kernels 5.5.3, 5.4.19, and 4.19.103 have been released. They all contain many important fixes throughout the tree and users should upgrade.
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[$] Lua and Python

수, 2020/02/12 - 8:08오전
From a high-level perspective, Lua and Python are similar languages; both are "scripting" languages that are compiled into bytecode instructions that run on a virtual machine. But the focus of Lua has generally been toward embedding the language into some larger application or system, rather than as an alternative for, say, Python, Perl, or Ruby as a general-purpose language. That is not to say that Lua is not capable of handling any of the tasks those other languages do, but that it has not really been the target, seemingly. Some recent discussions in the Lua community have explored possible changes in that regard, particularly around the idea of providing a larger, richer standard library.
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Firefox 73.0

수, 2020/02/12 - 12:45오전
Firefox 73.0 has been released. This version includes two features that help users view and read website content more easily; a new global default zoom level setting and a "readability backplate" solution to make websites in High Contrast Mode more readable without disabling background images. See the release notes for details.
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Security updates for Tuesday

수, 2020/02/12 - 12:37오전
Security updates have been issued by Debian (checkstyle), Fedora (poppler), Oracle (kernel), Red Hat (389-ds:1.4, java-1.7.1-ibm, java-1.8.0-ibm, nss-softokn, and spice-gtk), and Scientific Linux (spice-gtk).
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Aleksandersen: Limit the impact of a security intrusion with systemd security directives

화, 2020/02/11 - 1:29오전
Daniel Aleksandersen shows how to sandbox a daemon process using a set of systemd features. "These directives combined would have stopped the specific remote code execution vulnerability that afflicted OpenSMTPD. However, the key takeaway is that you should strive to sandbox long-running and internet-exposed services. There’s no need for your webserver to be able to load a kernel module, your email server to change the hostname, or your DNS server to launch wget and schedule reoccurring tasks with cron."
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[$] The rest of the 5.6 merge window

화, 2020/02/11 - 1:04오전
Linus Torvalds released the 5.6-rc1 prepatch and closed the merge window on February 9; at that point, 10,780 non-merge changesets had been pulled into the mainline repository for 5.6. That is substantially less than recent development cycles (14,350 for 5.5, 14,619 for 5.4), but is similar to what was going on at this time last year (10,843 for 5.0-rc1 in January 2019). About 6,000 of those changes were pulled since the first 5.6 merge-window article was written; read on for what was included in those changes.
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GDB 9.1 released

화, 2020/02/11 - 12:46오전
Version 9.1 of the GNU debugger is out. There are many improvements; see the announcement and the changelog for details.
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Security updates for Monday

화, 2020/02/11 - 12:23오전
Security updates have been issued by Debian (ipmitool, libexif, and ppp), Fedora (glib2, java-1.8.0-openjdk, java-11-openjdk, libasr, libuv, mingw-gdk-pixbuf, mingw-SDL2, nethack, nghttp2, nodejs, nodejs-mixin-deep, nodejs-set-value, nodejs-yarn, opensmtpd, python-feedgen, runc, samba, sox, and texlive-base), Mageia (chromium-browser-stable, mgetty, openslp, qtbase5, spamassassin, sudo, and xmlrpc), openSUSE (ceph and chromium), Oracle (grub2 and kernel), SUSE (docker-runc, LibreOffice, and wicked), and Ubuntu (libxml2 and qtbase-opensource-src).
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