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LWN.net is a comprehensive source of news and opinions from and about the Linux community. This is the main LWN.net feed, listing all articles which are posted to the site front page.
업데이트: 2시간 51분 지남

Five new stable kernels

금, 2019/10/18 - 11:15오후
Greg Kroah-Hartman has announced the release of the 5.3.7, 4.19.80, 4.14.150, 4.9.197, and 4.4.197 stable kernels. All five contain important fixes throughout the kernel tree, as usual. Users of those series should upgrade.

Security updates for Friday

금, 2019/10/18 - 10:20오후
Security updates have been issued by Debian (poppler, sudo, and wordpress), Oracle (java-1.8.0-openjdk), Red Hat (java-1.8.0-openjdk), Scientific Linux (java-1.8.0-openjdk, java-11-openjdk, and kernel), and SUSE (kernel and postgresql10).

Ubuntu 19.10 (Eoan Ermine) released

금, 2019/10/18 - 7:09오전
Ubuntu has announced the release of 19.10 "Eoan Ermine" in desktop and server editions as well as all of the different flavors: Ubuntu Budgie, Kubuntu, Lubuntu, Ubuntu Kylin, Ubuntu MATE, Ubuntu Studio, and Xubuntu. "The Ubuntu kernel has been updated to the 5.3 based Linux kernel, and our default toolchain has moved to gcc 9.2 with glibc 2.30. Additionally, the Raspberry Pi images now support the new Pi 4 as well as 2 and 3. Ubuntu Desktop 19.10 introduces GNOME 3.34 the fastest release yet with significant performance improvements delivering a more responsive experience. App organisation is easier with the ability to drag and drop icons into categorised folders and users can select light or dark Yaru theme variants. The Ubuntu Desktop installer also introduces installing to ZFS as a root filesystem as an experimental feature." More information can also be found in the release notes.

[$] Really fixing getrandom()

금, 2019/10/18 - 2:08오전
The final days of the 5.3 kernel development cycle included an extensive discussion of the getrandom() API and the reversion of an ext4 improvement that was indirectly causing boot hangs due to a lack of entropy. Blocking filesystem improvements because they are too effective is clearly not a good long-term development strategy for the kernel, so there was a consensus that some sort of better solution had to be found. What was lacking was an idea of what that solution should be. It is thus surprising that the problem appears to have been dealt with in 5.4 with little in the way of dissent or disagreement.

Bazel 1.0 released

목, 2019/10/17 - 11:23오후
Google has announced version 1.0 of its Bazel build system. "A growing list of Bazel users attests to the widespread demand for scalable, reproducible, and multi-lingual builds. Bazel helps Google be more open too: several large Google open source projects, such as Angular and TensorFlow, use Bazel. Users have reported 3x test time reductions and 10x faster build speeds after switching to Bazel."

Security updates for Thursday

목, 2019/10/17 - 10:27오후
Security updates have been issued by Arch Linux (sudo), Debian (libsdl1.2 and libsdl2), Mageia (e2fsprogs, kernel, libpcap and tcpdump, nmap, and sudo), openSUSE (GraphicsMagick and sudo), Oracle (java-1.8.0-openjdk, java-11-openjdk, jss, and kernel), Red Hat (java-1.8.0-openjdk and java-11-openjdk), Scientific Linux (jss), SUSE (gcc7 and libreoffice), and Ubuntu (leading to a double-free, libsdl1.2, and tiff).

[$] LWN.net Weekly Edition for October 17, 2019

목, 2019/10/17 - 9:25오전
The LWN.net Weekly Edition for October 17, 2019 is available.

[$] WireGuard and the crypto API

목, 2019/10/17 - 6:38오전
When last we looked in on the progress of the WireGuard VPN tunnel toward the mainline kernel, it seemed like the main sticking point had been overcome. The Zinc cryptography API used by WireGuard was generally seen as a duplication of effort with the existing kernel cryptographic algorithms, so an effort to rework Zinc to use that existing code seemed destined to route around that problem and bring WireGuard to the mainline. In the six months since then, though, things have gone fairly quiet in WireGuard-land; that all changed based on a conversation at the recent Kernel Recipes conference in Paris.

[$] FPGAs and free software

목, 2019/10/17 - 1:11오전
The problems with field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) is not exactly an obvious talk topic for a graphics-related conference like the 2019 X.Org Developers Conference (XDC). Ben Widawsky acknowledged that, but said that he sees parallels in the situation with FPGA support in the free-software world and the situation with graphics hardware support in the past. It is his hope that the tools for developing with FPGAs can make the same journey that graphics drivers have made over the last two decades or so.

Security updates for Wednesday

수, 2019/10/16 - 11:37오후
Security updates have been issued by Debian (apache2 and unbound), Fedora (opendmarc, runc, and sudo), openSUSE (epiphany, GraphicsMagick, and libopenmpt), Oracle (kernel and sudo), Red Hat (java-1.8.0-openjdk, jss, kernel, kernel-rt, and kpatch-patch), SUSE (crowbar-core, crowbar-openstack, grafana, novnc, openstack-keystone, openstack-neutron, openstack-neutron-lbaas, openstack-nova, openstack-tempest, python-pysaml2, python-urllib3, rubygem-chef, rubygem-easy_diff, sleshammer, libpcap, sudo, and tcpdump), and Ubuntu (aspell and libsdl1.2).

Perl 6 renamed to Raku

수, 2019/10/16 - 12:29오전
The pull request changing the name of Perl 6 to Raku has been merged. See the full text for more information. "This document describes the steps to be taken to effectuate a rename of 'Perl 6' to 'Raku', as described in issue #81. It does not pretend to be complete in scope or in time. To change a name of a project that has been running for 19+ years will take time, a lot of effort and a lot of cooperation. It will affect people in foreseen and unforeseen ways." (Thanks to Sean Whitton)

Security updates for Tuesday

화, 2019/10/15 - 11:58오후
Security updates have been issued by Debian (sudo and xtrlock), openSUSE (sudo), Red Hat (Single Sign-On), Slackware (sudo), SUSE (binutils, dhcp, ffmpeg, kernel, kubernetes-salt, sudo, and tcpdump), and Ubuntu (sudo).

KDE Plasma 5.17 released

화, 2019/10/15 - 10:18오후
The KDE project has announced the release of version 5.17 of the Plasma desktop environment. "Night Color, the color-grading system that relaxes your eyes when the sun sets, has landed for X11. Your Plasma desktop also recognizes when you are giving a presentation, and stops messages popping up in the middle of your slideshow. If you are using Wayland, Plasma now comes with fractional scaling, which means that you can adjust the size of all your desktop elements, windows, fonts and panels perfectly to your HiDPI monitor."

Python 3.8.0 released

화, 2019/10/15 - 7:15오전
Version 3.8.0 of the Python language has been released. New features include the controversial assignment expressions, positional-only arguments, the Vectorcall mechanism, and more; see the what's new in Python 3.8 document for more information.

PyPy 7.2 released

화, 2019/10/15 - 4:11오전
Version 7.2 of PyPy, an implementation of the Python language, is out. With this release, Python 3.6 support is deemed ready: "This release removes the 'beta' tag from PyPy3.6. While there may still be some small corner-case incompatibilities (around the exact error messages in exceptions and the handling of faulty codec errorhandlers) we are happy with the quality of the 3.6 series and are looking forward to working on a Python 3.7 interpreter."

[$] Finding race conditions with KCSAN

화, 2019/10/15 - 3:13오전
Race conditions can be some of the trickiest bugs to find. The resulting problems can be subtle, and reproducing the problem in order to track it down can be difficult or impossible; often code inserted to narrow down a race condition will cause it to stop manifesting entirely. A tool that can find race conditions automatically would thus be a valuable thing for the kernel community to have. In late September, Marco Elver announced a tool called KCSAN (the Kernel Concurrency Sanitizer) that does exactly that — and which has already found a number of real problems.

Security updates for Monday

화, 2019/10/15 - 12:00오전
Security updates have been issued by Arch Linux (chromium, sdl, and unbound), Debian (clamav, libdatetime-timezone-perl, openssl, tcpdump, and tzdata), Fedora (cutter-re, jackson-annotations, jackson-bom, jackson-core, jackson-databind, jackson-parent, libapreq2, ming, opendmarc, radare2, and thunderbird), openSUSE (chromium), Oracle (kernel), and SUSE (axis, jakarta-commons-fileupload, kernel, sles12sp3-docker-image, sles12sp4-image, system-user-root, and webkit2gtk3).

Kernel prepatch 5.4-rc3

월, 2019/10/14 - 10:52오후
The 5.4-rc3 kernel prepatch is out for testing. "Things continue to look fairly normal, with rc3 being larger than rc2, as people are starting to find more regressions, but 5.4 so far remains on the smaller side of recent releases."

More stable kernels

일, 2019/10/13 - 8:19오전
The 5.3.6, 4.19.79, and 4.14.149 stable kernel updates have been released; each contains another set of important updates.

[$] Calibrating your fear of big bad optimizing compilers

금, 2019/10/11 - 11:14오후
As noted earlier, when compiling Linux-kernel code that does a plain C-language load or store, as in "a=b", the C standard grants the compiler the right to assume that the affected variables are neither accessed nor modified by any other thread at the time of that load or store. The compiler is therefore permitted to carry out a surprisingly large number of optimizations, any number of which might ruin your concurrent code's day. Given that current compilers usually do not emit diagnostics warning of potential ruined days, it would be good to have other tools take on this task.