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LWN.net is a comprehensive source of news and opinions from and about the Linux community. This is the main LWN.net feed, listing all articles which are posted to the site front page.
업데이트: 1시간 44분 지남

Maru 0.6 released

목, 2019/03/07 - 3:01오전
The Maru distribution adds a full Linux desktop to Android devices; it was reviewed here in 2016. The 0.6 release is now available. Changes include a rebase onto LineageOS and Debian 9, and the ability to stream the desktop to a Chromecast device.
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[$] A container-confinement breakout

목, 2019/03/07 - 1:24오전

The recently announced container-confinement breakout for containers started with runc is interesting from a few different perspectives. For one, it affects more than just runc-based containers as privileged LXC-based containers (and likely others) are also affected, though the LXC-based variety are harder to compromise than the runc ones. But it also, once again, shows that privileged containers are difficult—perhaps impossible—to create in a secure manner. Beyond that, it exploits some Linux kernel interfaces in novel ways and the fixes use a perhaps lesser-known system call that was added to Linux less than five years back.

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Stable kernel updates

목, 2019/03/07 - 1:12오전
Stable kernels 4.20.14, 4.19.27, 4.14.105, and 4.9.162 have been released. They all contain the usual set of important fixes and users should upgrade.
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Security updates for Wednesday

목, 2019/03/07 - 1:05오전
Security updates have been issued by CentOS (java-1.7.0-openjdk and java-11-openjdk), Debian (mumble and sox), Fedora (drupal7, drupal7-link, firefox, gpsd, ignition, ming, php-erusev-parsedown, and php-Smarty), openSUSE (hiawatha, python, and supportutils), Oracle (java-1.7.0-openjdk), Red Hat (java-1.7.0-openjdk), Scientific Linux (java-1.7.0-openjdk), and Ubuntu (linux, linux-aws, linux-gcp, linux-kvm, linux-oem, linux-oracle, linux-raspi2 and linux-hwe, linux-aws-hwe, linux-azure, linux-gcp, linux-oracle).
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[$] Source-code access for the long haul

수, 2019/03/06 - 9:43오전

Corporations that get their feet wet in the sea of free software often find out that not only do they now have obligations to provide source code, but that people will actually try to access it and complain loudly if they can't get it. At the first Copyleft Conference, Alexios Zavras from Intel spoke alongside Stefano Zacchiroli from Software Heritage about how the two organizations are working together. Software Heritage's mission makes it ideally suited to host Intel's many source-code releases in a way that provides stable long-term repositories that Intel can then reference.

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[$] Two topics in user-space access

수, 2019/03/06 - 3:36오전
Kernel code must often access data that is stored in user space. Most of the time, this access is uneventful, but it is not without its dangers and cannot be done without exercising due care. A couple of recent discussions have made it clear that this care is not always being taken, and that not all kernel developers fully understand how user-space access should be performed. The good news is that kernel developers are currently working on a set of changes to make user-space access safer in the future.
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Security updates for Tuesday

수, 2019/03/06 - 12:49오전
Security updates have been issued by Debian (nss), openSUSE (procps), Red Hat (redhat-virtualization-host, rhvm-appliance, and vdsm), SUSE (freerdp, kernel, and obs-service-tar_scm), and Ubuntu (openssh).
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Rosenzweig: The federation fallacy

화, 2019/03/05 - 12:48오전
Here's a lengthy piece from Alyssa Rosenzweig on preserving freedom despite the inevitable centralization of successful information services. "Indeed, it seems all networked systems tend towards centralisation as the natural consequence of growth. Some systems, both legitimate and illegitimate, are intentionally designed for centralisation. Other systems, like those in the Mastodon universe, are specifically designed to avoid centralisation, but even these succumb to the centralised black hole as their user bases grow towards the event horizon."
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Security updates for Monday

화, 2019/03/05 - 12:22오전
Security updates have been issued by Arch Linux (chromium, file, gdm, lib32-openssl-1.0, openssl-1.0, and pcre), Debian (advancecomp, ceph, jackson-databind, openssh, and openssl), Fedora (community-mysql, distcc, freerdp, gdm, gnome-boxes, libexif, openocd, pidgin-sipe, remmina, SDL, and xpdf), openSUSE (kernel-firmware and php5), Oracle (java-1.8.0-openjdk and java-11-openjdk), Slackware (infozip and python), and SUSE (caasp-container-manifests, changelog-generator-data-sles12sp3-velum, kubernetes-salt, rubygem-aes_key_wrap, rubygem-json-jwt, sles12sp3-velum-image, velum and gdm).
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The 5.0 kernel has been released.

월, 2019/03/04 - 11:13오후
Linus has released the 5.0 kernel. "But I'd like to point out (yet again) that we don't do feature-based releases, and that "5.0" doesn't mean anything more than that the 4.x numbers started getting big enough that I ran out of fingers and toes." Headline features from this release include the energy-aware scheduling patch set, a bunch of year-2038 work that comes close to completing the core-kernel transition, zero-copy networking for UDP traffic, the Adiantum encryption algorithm, the seccomp trap to user space mechanism, and, of course, lots of new drivers and fixes. See the KernelNewbies 5.0 page for lots of details.
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[$] A kernel unit-testing framework

토, 2019/03/02 - 2:57오전
For much of its history, the kernel has had little in the way of formal testing infrastructure. It is not entirely an exaggeration to say that testing is what the kernel community kept users around for. Over the years, though, that situation has improved; internal features like kselftest and services like the 0day testing system have increased our test coverage considerably. The story is unlikely to end there, though; the next addition to the kernel's testing arsenal may be a unit-testing framework called KUnit.
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Security updates for Friday

금, 2019/03/01 - 11:51오후
Security updates have been issued by Debian (bind9, file, ikiwiki, ldb, openssl1.0, php7.0, uw-imap, and wordpress), Fedora (ansible, file, flatpak, kernel, kernel-headers, and python-django), openSUSE (kernel and systemd), Scientific Linux (java-1.8.0-openjdk and java-11-openjdk), SUSE (openssl-1_1 and webkit2gtk3), and Ubuntu (libgd2).
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Why CLAs aren't good for open source (Opensource.com)

금, 2019/03/01 - 3:33오전
Over at Opensource.com, Richard Fontana argues that contributor license agreements (CLAs) are not particularly useful or helpful for open-source projects. "Since CLAs continue to be a minority practice and originate from outside open source community culture, I believe that CLA proponents should bear the burden of explaining why they are necessary or beneficial relative to their costs. I suspect that most companies using CLAs are merely emulating peer company behavior without critical examination. CLAs have an understandable, if superficial, appeal to risk-averse lawyers who are predisposed to favor greater formality, paper, and process regardless of the business costs." He goes on to look at some of the arguments that CLA proponents make and gives his perspective on why they fall short.
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[$] Core scheduling

금, 2019/03/01 - 2:35오전
Kernel developers are used to having to defend their work when posting it to the mailing lists, so when a longtime kernel developer describes their own work as "expensive and nasty", one tends to wonder what is going on. The patch set in question is core scheduling from Peter Zijlstra. It is intended to make simultaneous multithreading (SMT) usable on systems where cache-based side channels are a concern, but even its author is far from convinced that it should actually become part of the kernel.
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Security updates for Thursday

목, 2019/02/28 - 11:57오후
Security updates have been issued by Debian (gpac, qemu, and sox), openSUSE (libqt5-qtbase), Red Hat (java-1.8.0-openjdk and java-11-openjdk), SUSE (bluez), and Ubuntu (nss and openssl, openssl1.0).
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[$] LWN.net Weekly Edition for February 28, 2019

목, 2019/02/28 - 12:31오후
The LWN.net Weekly Edition for February 28, 2019 is available.
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[$] GMP and assert()

목, 2019/02/28 - 6:11오전

A report of a potential security problem in the GNU Multiple Precision Arithmetic (GMP) library was met with a mixed reaction, from skepticism to responses verging on hostility, but the report ultimately raised a question worth pondering. What role should assertions (i.e. calls to the POSIX assert() macro) play in error handling? An assertion that fails leads to a process exit, which may not be what a developer calling into a library expects. Unexpected behavior is, of course, one step on a path that can lead to security holes.

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[$] Revisiting PEP 394

목, 2019/02/28 - 2:02오전

With the uptake of Python 3 (and the imminent end of life for Python 2.7), there is a question of which version of Python a user should get when they type "python" at the command line or have it as part of a shebang ("#!") line in a script. Back in 2011, PEP 394 ("The 'python' Command on Unix-Like Systems") was created as an informational PEP that relayed the recommendations of the Python core developers to Linux distributions and others in a similar position about which version to point python to. Now, Petr Viktorin, one of the authors of the PEP, would like to revisit those recommendations, which is something that is suggested in the PEP itself.

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Stable kernel updates

목, 2019/02/28 - 1:13오전
Stable kernels 4.20.13, 4.19.26, 4.14.104, and 4.9.161 have been released. They all contain important fixes and users should upgrade.
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Security updates for Wednesday

목, 2019/02/28 - 1:03오전
Security updates have been issued by Arch Linux (elasticsearch and logstash), CentOS (java-1.8.0-openjdk, kernel, and polkit), Debian (chromium, exiv2, and phpmyadmin), Fedora (java-1.8.0-openjdk-aarch32 and mgetty), openSUSE (docker-runc, gvfs, qemu, systemd, and thunderbird), Oracle (java-1.8.0-openjdk, kernel, and polkit), Red Hat (polkit), Scientific Linux (java-1.8.0-openjdk, kernel, and polkit), Slackware (openssl), SUSE (amavisd-new, apache2, ceph, containerd, docker, docker-runc, golang-github-docker-libnetwork, runc, openssh, and webkit2gtk3), and Ubuntu (firefox and thunderbird).
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