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LWN.net is a comprehensive source of news and opinions from and about the Linux community. This is the main LWN.net feed, listing all articles which are posted to the site front page.
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[$] LWN.net Weekly Edition for August 20, 2020

목, 2020/08/20 - 9:19오전
The LWN.net Weekly Edition for August 20, 2020 is available.
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[$] Exploring LibreOffice 7.0

목, 2020/08/20 - 5:40오전
The Document Foundation (TDF) has announced the release of LibreOffice 7.0. This major release is a significant upgrade from version 6.4.6, focusing on interoperability with Microsoft Office, general performance, and support for OpenDocument Format (ODF) version 1.3. A complete list of new features and bug fixes can be found in the release notes.
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Four stable kernels

목, 2020/08/20 - 12:26오전
Stable kernels 5.8.2, 5.7.16, 5.4.59, and 4.19.140 have been released. There are many important fixes and users should upgrade.
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Security updates for Wednesday

목, 2020/08/20 - 12:17오전
Security updates have been issued by Debian (imagemagick and ruby-websocket-extensions), Fedora (libetpan, LibRaw, and php), Gentoo (nss), Mageia (apache, ark, clamav, claws-mail, dovecot, firefox, firejail, freerdp, golang, jasper, kernel, libssh, libx11, postgresql-jdbc, python-rstlib, radare2, roundcubemail, squid, targetcli, thunderbird, tomcat, and x11-server), Red Hat (rh-mysql80-mysql), SUSE (dovecot22, freerdp, libvirt, and postgresql12), and Ubuntu (curl and linux-hwe, linux-azure-5.3, linux-gke-5.3).
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Walleij: How the ARM32 kernel starts

수, 2020/08/19 - 10:47오후
Linus Walleij continues his exploration of the boot process for the 32-bit Arm kernel. "BAM! The MMU is on. The next instruction (which is incidentally an instruction cache flush) will be executed from virtual memory. We don’t notice anything at first, but we are executing in virtual memory. When we return by jumping to the address passed in r13, we enter __mmap_switched at the virtual memory address of this function, somewhere below PAGE_OFFSET (typically 0xC0nnnnnn). We can now facilitate absolute addressing: the kernel is executing as intended."
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[$] Voxel plotting with gnuplot 5.4

수, 2020/08/19 - 5:20오전
In this followup to our coverage of the release of gnuplot 5.4, we look more deeply at one of the new features: voxel plots. We only briefly touched on these plots in that article, but they are the most conspicuous addition in this release of the free-software graphing tool. Voxel plotting provides multiple ways to visualize 3D data, so it is worth looking at this new plot type in more detail.
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The Rust language gets its own foundation

수, 2020/08/19 - 1:34오전
The Rust blog announces the creation of an independent foundation for the language. "This foundation’s first task will be something Rust is already great at: taking ownership. This time, the resource is legal, rather than something in a program. The various trademarks and domain names associated with Rust, Cargo, and crates.io will move into the foundation, which will also take financial responsibility for the costs they incur. We see this first iteration of the foundation as just the beginning. There’s a lot of possibilities for growing the role of the foundation, and we’re excited to explore those in the future."
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Security updates for Tuesday

화, 2020/08/18 - 11:59오후
Security updates have been issued by Debian (sane-backends), Fedora (kernel, LibRaw, and wob), openSUSE (balsa, hylafax+, postgresql, postgresql96, postgresql10, postgresql12, and postgresql96, postgresql10 and postgresql12), Oracle (.NET Core 3.1), Red Hat (bash and bind), SUSE (dovecot23, firefox, fwupd, postgresql10, postgresql12, python-azure-agent, and zabbix), and Ubuntu (ark, gnome-shell, libonig, linux, linux-aws, linux-kvm, linux-lts-xenial, linux-raspi2, linux-snapdragon, linux-gke-5.0, linux-oem-osp1, and software-properties).
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[$] Searching code with Sourcegraph

화, 2020/08/18 - 5:37오전
Sourcegraph is a tool for searching and navigating around large code bases. The tool has various search methods, including regular-expression search, and "structural search", which is a relatively new technique that is language-aware. The open-source core of the tool comes with code search, go-to-definition and other "code intelligence" features, which provide ways for developers to make sense of multi-repository code bases. Sourcegraph's code-searching tools can show documentation for functions and methods on mouse hover and allow developers to quickly jump to definitions or to find all references to a particular identifier.
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[$] 5.9 Merge window, part 2

화, 2020/08/18 - 12:34오전
By the time Linus Torvalds released 5.9-rc1 and closed the merge window for this cycle, 12,866 non-merge changesets had been pulled into the mainline repository. Nearly 9,000 of those came in after the first 5.9 merge-window summary was written. Clearly the kernel-development community remains busy. Much of what was merged takes the form of cleanups and restructuring, as always, but there was also a substantial set of new features.
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Security updates for Monday

월, 2020/08/17 - 11:22오후
Security updates have been issued by Debian (dovecot, htmlunit, jruby, libetpan, lucene-solr, net-snmp, and posgresql-9.6), Fedora (firefox, nss, qt, and thunderbird), Mageia (glib-networking, mumble, webkit2, and znc), openSUSE (balsa, chromium, firejail, hylafax+, libreoffice, libX11, perl-XML-Twig, thunderbird, wireshark, and xrdp), Red Hat (libvncserver), SUSE (libvirt and perl-PlRPC), and Ubuntu (dovecot and salt).
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Kdenlive 20.08 released

월, 2020/08/17 - 11:06오후
Version 20.08 of the Kdenlive video editor is available. "Kdenlive 20.08 is out with nifty features like Interface Layouts, Multiple Audio Stream support, Cached data management and Zoombars in the Clip Monitor and Effects Panel but one may argue that the highlights of this release are stability and interface improvements".
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Kernel prepatch 5.9-rc1

월, 2020/08/17 - 6:24오전
Linux has released the 5.9-rc1 kernel prepatch and closed the merge window for this development cycle. "This merge window felt a lot more normal than 5.8, and all the stats confirm that it seems to be the usual size." In the end, 12,866 non-merge changesets were pulled for 5.9-rc1, as compared to 14,206 for 5.8-rc1.
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[$] PHP Debugging using Xdebug

토, 2020/08/15 - 7:03오전
While PHP does not come with built-in debugging or profiling, an open-source project has existed almost as long as PHP to provide that functionality: Xdebug. Created and maintained by PHP core developer Derick Rethans, it offers remote debugging, stack traces, profiling, and more. It is a project that anyone doing PHP development would benefit from using.
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Security updates for Friday

토, 2020/08/15 - 3:14오전
Security updates have been issued by Debian (squid3), Fedora (lilypond and python3), openSUSE (xen), SUSE (libreoffice, libvirt, webkit2gtk3, xen, and xerces-c), and Ubuntu (apache2).
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[$] Theoretical vs. practical cryptography in the kernel

금, 2020/08/14 - 1:43오전
Shortly before the release of the 5.8 kernel, a brief patch to a pseudo-random-number generator (PRNG) used by the networking stack was quietly applied to the kernel. As is the norm for such things, the changelog gave no indication that a security vulnerability had been fixed, but that turns out indeed to be the case. The resulting controversy had little to do with the original vulnerability, though, and everything to do with how cryptographic security is managed in the kernel. Figuring prominently in the discussion was the question of whether theoretical security can undermine security in the real world.
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Holdgraf: Announcing the new Jupyter Book

금, 2020/08/14 - 12:19오전
On the Jupyter blog, Chris Holdgraf announces a rewrite of the Jupyter Book project. LWN looked at Jupyter and its interactive notebooks for Python and other languages back in 2018; Jupyter Book extends the notebook idea. "Jupyter Book is an open source project for building beautiful, publication-quality books, websites, and documents from source material that contains computational content. With this post, we’re happy to announce that Jupyter Book has been re-written from the ground up, making it easier to install, faster to use, and able to create more complex publishing content in your books. It is now supported by the Executable Book Project, an open community that builds open source tools for interactive and executable documents in the Jupyter ecosystem and beyond."
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Walleij: How the ARM32 Linux kernel decompresses

목, 2020/08/13 - 11:00오후
For those who are into the details: here is a step-by-step guide through the process of decompressing an Arm kernel and getting ready to boot from Linus Walleij. "Next the decompression code sets up a page table, if it is possible to fit one over the whole uncompressed+compressed kernel image. The page table is not for virtual memory, but for enabling cache, which is then turned on. The decompression will for natural reasons be much faster if we can use cache."
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QEMU 5.1.0 released

목, 2020/08/13 - 10:57오후
Version 5.1.0 of the QEMU processor emulator is out. "This release contains 2500+ commits from 235 authors." Enhancements consist mostly of additional hardware emulation, of course, but it doesn't stop there; see the changelog for lots of details.
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Security updates for Thursday

목, 2020/08/13 - 9:49오후
Security updates have been issued by Debian (linux-4.19, linux-latest-4.19, and openjdk-8) and Fedora (ark and hylafax+).
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