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LWN.net is a comprehensive source of news and opinions from and about the Linux community. This is the main LWN.net feed, listing all articles which are posted to the site front page.
업데이트: 1시간 17분 지남

Security updates for Monday

화, 2021/03/16 - 1:06오전
Security updates have been issued by Debian (ca-certificates, flatpak, golang-1.7, golang-1.8, mupdf, pygments, and tiff), Fedora (containerd, golang-github-containerd-cri, mingw-gdk-pixbuf, mingw-glib2, mingw-jasper, mingw-python-jinja2, mingw-python-pillow, mingw-python3, python-django, python-pillow, and python2-pillow), Mageia (git, mediainfo, netty, python-django, and quartz), openSUSE (crmsh, git, glib2, kernel-firmware, openldap2, stunnel, and wpa_supplicant), Oracle (qemu), Red Hat (openvswitch2.11, openvswitch2.13, pki-core, rh-nodejs10-nodejs, rh-nodejs12-nodejs, rh-nodejs14-nodejs, and wpa_supplicant), Slackware (kernel), SUSE (apache2, crmsh, glib2, s390-tools, and slurm_20_11 and pdsh), and Ubuntu (python2.7, python3.7, python3.8).
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Kernel prepatch 5.12-rc3

월, 2021/03/15 - 8:18오전
The third 5.12 kernel prepatch is out for testing. "So rc3 is pretty big this time around, but that's entirely artificial, and due to how I released rc2 early. So I'm not going to read anything more into this, 5.12 still seems to actually be on the smaller side overall."
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[$] Lockless patterns: an introduction to compare-and-swap

금, 2021/03/12 - 11:47오후
In the first part of this series, I showed you the theory behind concurrent memory models and how that theory can be applied to simple loads and stores. However, loads and stores alone are not a practical tool for the building of higher-level synchronization primitives such as spinlocks, mutexes, and condition variables. Even though it is possible to synchronize two threads using the full memory-barrier pattern that was introduced last week (Dekker's algorithm), modern processors provide a way that is easier, more generic, and faster—yes, all three of them—the compare-and-swap operation.
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Security updates for Friday

금, 2021/03/12 - 11:37오후
Security updates have been issued by Debian (mupdf and pygments), Fedora (arm-none-eabi-newlib, nodejs, python3.10, and suricata), Mageia (ansible, ceph, firejail, glib2.0, gnuplot, libcaca, mumble, openssh, postgresql, python-cryptography, python-httplib2, python-yaml, roundcubemail, and ruby-mechanize), Scientific Linux (wpa_supplicant), Slackware (git), SUSE (crmsh, libsolv, libzypp, yast2-installation, zypper, openssl-1_0_0, python, and stunnel), and Ubuntu (pillow).
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Asahi Linux progress report

금, 2021/03/12 - 12:54오전
The Asahi Linux project, which is working to build a distribution for M1-based Apple systems, has published a progress report for January and February. "Apple Silicon Macs boot in a completely different way from PCs. The way they work is more akin to embedded platforms (like Android phones, or, of course, iOS devices), but with quite a few bespoke mechanisms thrown in. However, Apple has taken a few steps to make this boot process feel closer to that of an Intel Mac, so there has been a lot of confusion around how things actually work. For example, did you know that Apple Silicon Macs cannot boot from external storage at all, in the traditional sense? Or that the bootloader on Apple Silicon Macs cannot show a graphical user interface at all, and that the “Boot Picker” is in fact a full-screen macOS app, not part of the bootloader?"
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More stable kernels

금, 2021/03/12 - 12:49오전
The 5.11.6, 5.10.23, 5.4.105, 4.19.180, 4.14.225, 4.9.261, and 4.4.261 stable kernels have all been released, one day earlier than might have been expected. Each contains yet another set of important fixes.
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[$] Creating an SSH honeypot

금, 2021/03/12 - 12:03오전
Many developers use SSH to access their systems, so it is not surprising that SSH servers are widely attacked. During the FOSDEM 2021 conference, Sanja Bonic and Janos Pasztor reported on their experiment using containers as a way to easily create SSH honeypots — fake servers that allow administrators to observe the actions of attackers without risking a production system. The conversational-style talk walked the audience through the process of setting up an SSH server to play the role of the honeypot, showed what SSH attacks look like, and gave a number of suggestions on how to improve the security of SSH servers.
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Security updates for Thursday

목, 2021/03/11 - 11:48오후
Security updates have been issued by Debian (zeromq3), Oracle (dotnet, dotnet3.1, python3, and wpa_supplicant), and Red Hat (wpa_supplicant).
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[$] LWN.net Weekly Edition for March 11, 2021

목, 2021/03/11 - 10:33오전
The LWN.net Weekly Edition for March 11, 2021 is available.
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[$] A vulnerability in Git

목, 2021/03/11 - 8:04오전
A potentially nasty vulnerability in the Git distributed revision-control system was disclosed on March 9. There are enough qualifiers in the description of the vulnerability that it may appear to be fairly narrowly focused—and it is. That may make it less worrisome, but it is not entirely clear. As with most vulnerabilities, it all depends on how the software is being used and the environment in which it is running.
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[$] Python exception groups

목, 2021/03/11 - 3:47오전
Exceptions in Python are a mechanism used to report errors (of an exceptional variety); programs can be and are written to expect and handle certain types of exceptions using try and except. But exceptions were originally meant to report a single error event and, these days, things are a tad more complicated than that. A recent Python Enhancement Proposal (PEP) targets adding exception groups, as well as new syntax to catch and handle the groups.
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Security updates for Wednesday

목, 2021/03/11 - 1:09오전
Security updates have been issued by Debian (kernel and privoxy), Fedora (libtpms, privoxy, and x11vnc), openSUSE (chromium), Red Hat (.NET 5.0, .NET Core, .NET Core 2.1, .NET Core 3.1, dotnet, and dotnet3.1), SUSE (git, kernel, openssl-1_1, and wpa_supplicant), and Ubuntu (git and openssh).
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The Linux Foundation's "sigstore" project

수, 2021/03/10 - 11:39오후
The Linux Foundation has announced a project called sigstore; its purpose is to protect against supply-chain attacks by signing (and verifying) release artifacts. "Very few open source projects cryptographically sign software release artifacts. This is largely due to the challenges software maintainers face on key management, key compromise / revocation and the distribution of public keys and artifact digests. In turn, users are left to seek out which keys to trust and learn steps needed to validate signing. Further problems exist in how digests and public keys are distributed, often stored on websites susceptible to hacks or a README file situated on a public git repository. sigstore seeks to solve these issues by utilization of short lived ephemeral keys with a trust root leveraged from an open and auditable public transparency logs."
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A Git security release

수, 2021/03/10 - 8:28오전
Several new versions of the Git source-code management system have been released; they fix a vulnerability that could allow a hostile remote repository to execute code locally during a clone operation. Only users with case-insensitive filesystems are affected, reducing the set of possible targets considerably, but an update still seems like a good idea.
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Linaro to release monthly GNU Toolchain integration builds

수, 2021/03/10 - 8:03오전
Linaro Ltd has announced the first GNU Toolchain integration build. "Every six months, Arm releases the official GNU Toolchain release for Arm architectures for the purpose of production. Linaro will bridge the gap between the official releases by delivering monthly integration builds which offer users a snapshot of the upstream build. Although not supported, having access to these builds will allow developers to test features from a pre-built binary as soon as it lands upstream. The builds will also enable companies to check their BSP (Board Support Package) release will work with newer toolchains without having to wait for an official release."
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Three stable kernels

수, 2021/03/10 - 1:17오전
Greg Kroah-Hartman has released stable kernels 5.11.5, 5.10.22, and 5.4.104. They all contain important fixes and users should upgrade.
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Security updates for Tuesday

수, 2021/03/10 - 1:04오전
Security updates have been issued by Fedora (firefox, kernel, kernel-headers, kernel-tools, libebml, and wpa_supplicant), openSUSE (mbedtls), Oracle (kernel, kernel-container, and screen), Red Hat (curl, kernel, kernel-rt, kpatch-patch, nss-softokn, python, and virt:rhel and virt-devel:rhel), Scientific Linux (screen), SUSE (389-ds, crmsh, openldap2, openssl-1_0_0, and wpa_supplicant), and Ubuntu (glib2.0, gnome-autoar, golang-1.10, golang-1.14, and libzstd).
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[$] Linux 5.12's very bad, double ungood day

화, 2021/03/09 - 1:16오전
The -rc kernels released by Linus Torvalds exist for a reason: after 10,000 or so changes flow into the kernel over a two-week merge window, there will surely be some bugs in need of squashing. The -rc kernels provide an opportunity for wider testing after all those patches have been integrated. Most of the time, -rc kernels (even the initial -rc1 releases) are surprisingly safe to run. Occasionally, though, something goes wrong, giving early testers reason to reconsider their life choices. The 5.12-rc1 kernel, as it turns out, was one of those.
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Security updates for Monday

화, 2021/03/09 - 1:11오전
Security updates have been issued by Debian (activemq, libcaca, libupnp, mqtt-client, and xcftools), Fedora (ceph, mupdf, nagios, python-PyMuPDF, and zathura-pdf-mupdf), Mageia (cups, kernel, pngcheck, and python-pygments), openSUSE (bind, chromium, gnome-autoar, kernel, mbedtls, nodejs8, and thunderbird), and Red Hat (nodejs:10, nodejs:12, nodejs:14, screen, and virt:8.2 and virt-devel:8.2).
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NGI POINTER offers funding for internet/web architects

월, 2021/03/08 - 11:40오후
The NGI POINTER organization, which is funded by the European Commission, has put out its second open call for providing development/research funding; the first open call was in April 2020. This time around, the organization is looking for individuals or projects that are working on "changing the Internet and Web with European Values at its core". The goal is to "support promising bottom-up projects that are able to build, on top of state-of-the-art research, scalable protocols and tools to assist in the practical transition or migration to new or updated technologies, whilst keeping European Values at the core". Those interested may want to look at some of the previously funded projects; more information can also be found in the Work Programme [PDF].
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