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LWN.net is a comprehensive source of news and opinions from and about the Linux community. This is the main LWN.net feed, listing all articles which are posted to the site front page.
업데이트: 1시간 40분 지남

Kernel prepatch 5.0-rc3

2시간 35분 지남
The 5.0-rc3 kernel prepatch has been released. "This rc is a bit bigger than usual. Partly because I missed a networking pull request for rc2, and as a result rc3 now contains _two_ networking pull updates. But part of it may also just be that it took a while for people to find and then fix bugs after the holiday season."
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Security updates for Monday

5시간 35분 지남
Security updates have been issued by Fedora (gitolite3, gvfs, php, radare2, and syslog-ng), Mageia (libssh, php, python-django16, and rdesktop), openSUSE (podofo), and SUSE (libraw, openssh, PackageKit, and wireshark).
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[$] A proposed API for full-memory encryption

토, 2019/01/19 - 1:30오전
Hardware memory encryption is, or will soon be, available on multiple generic CPUs. In its absence, data is stored — and passes between the memory chips and the processor — in the clear. Attackers may be able to access it by using hardware probes or by directly accessing the chips, which is especially problematic with persistent memory. One new memory-encryption offering is Intel's Multi-Key Total Memory Encryption (MKTME) [PDF]; AMD's equivalent is called Secure Encrypted Virtualization (SEV). The implementation of support for this feature is in progress for the Linux kernel. Recently, Alison Schofield proposed a user-space API for MKTME, provoking a long discussion on how memory encryption should be exposed to the user, if at all.
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Security updates for Friday

토, 2019/01/19 - 12:55오전
Security updates have been issued by Debian (drupal7), Fedora (electrum and perl-Email-Address), Mageia (gthumb), openSUSE (gitolite, kernel, krb5, libunwind, LibVNCServer, live555, mutt, wget, and zeromq), SUSE (krb5, mariadb, nodejs4, nodejs8, soundtouch, and zeromq), and Ubuntu (irssi).
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[$] Defending against page-cache attacks

금, 2019/01/18 - 2:04오전
The kernel's page cache works to improve performance by minimizing disk I/O and increasing the sharing of physical memory. But, like other performance-enhancing techniques that involve resources shared across security boundaries, the page cache can be abused as a way to extract information that should be kept secret. A recent paper [PDF] by Daniel Gruss and colleagues showed how the page cache can be targeted for a number of different attacks, leading to an abrupt change in how the mincore() system call works at the end of the 5.0 merge window. But subsequent discussion has made it clear that mincore() is just the tip of the iceberg; it is unclear what will really need to be done to protect a system against page-cache attacks or what the performance cost might be.
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Stable kernel updates

금, 2019/01/18 - 1:09오전
Stable kernels 4.20.3, 4.19.16, 4.14.94, 4.9.151, and 4.4.171 have been released. They all contain important fixes and users should upgrade.
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Security updates for Thursday

금, 2019/01/18 - 1:01오전
Security updates have been issued by CentOS (libvncserver), Debian (sssd), Fedora (kernel and kernel-headers), Red Hat (ansible, openvswitch, pyOpenSSL, python-django, and redis), and Ubuntu (policykit-1).
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[$] LWN.net Weekly Edition for January 17, 2019

목, 2019/01/17 - 11:32오전
The LWN.net Weekly Edition for January 17, 2019 is available.
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[$] Adiantum: encryption for the low end

목, 2019/01/17 - 5:59오전
Low-end devices bound for developing countries, such as those running the Android Go edition, lack encryption support because the hardware doesn't provide any cryptographic acceleration. That means users in developing countries have no protection for the data on their phones. Google would like to change that situation. The company worked on adding the Speck cipher to the kernel, but decided against using it because of opposition due to Speck's origins at the US National Security Agency (NSA). As a replacement, the Adiantum encryption mode was developed; it has been merged for Linux 5.0.
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Security updates for Wednesday

목, 2019/01/17 - 12:55오전
Security updates have been issued by Debian (systemd and wireshark), Fedora (openssh, php-horde-Horde-Form, and unrtf), Mageia (aria2, libvncserver, x11vnc, and nss), Oracle (kernel and libvncserver), Scientific Linux (libvncserver), SUSE (kernel, soundtouch, webkit2gtk3, and wget), and Ubuntu (libcaca and policykit-1).
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[$] Ringing in a new asynchronous I/O API

수, 2019/01/16 - 8:09오전
While the kernel has had support for asynchronous I/O (AIO) since the 2.5 development cycle, it has also had people complaining about AIO for about that long. The current interface is seen as difficult to use and inefficient; additionally, some types of I/O are better supported than others. That situation may be about to change with the introduction of a proposed new interface from Jens Axboe called "io_uring". As might be expected from the name, io_uring introduces just what the kernel needed more than anything else: yet another ring buffer.
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Google Summer of Code mentor projects sought

수, 2019/01/16 - 8:07오전
It is that time of year again: Google is looking for mentor projects for the 2019 Summer of Code. "GSoC is a global program that draws university student developers from around the world to contribute to open source. Each student spends three months working on a coding project, with the support of volunteer mentors, for participating open source organizations from late May to August. Last year 1,264 students worked with 206 open source organizations." The application deadline is February 6.
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[$] Fedora, UUIDs, and user tracking

수, 2019/01/16 - 2:23오전

"User tracking" is generally contentious in free-software communities—even if the "tracking" is not really intended to do so. It is often distributions that have the most interest in counting their users, but Linux users tend to be more privacy conscious than users of more mainstream desktop operating systems. The Fedora project recently discussed how to count its users and ways to preserve their privacy while doing so.

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Security updates for Tuesday

수, 2019/01/16 - 1:17오전
Security updates have been issued by Arch Linux (irssi and systemd), CentOS (systemd), Debian (xen and zeromq3), Fedora (gnutls, kernel, kernel-headers, kernel-tools, and nbdkit), Oracle (libvncserver and systemd), Red Hat (libvncserver), and Ubuntu (haproxy, libarchive, and php-pear).
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An ancient OpenSSH vulnerability

수, 2019/01/16 - 12:35오전
An advisory from Harry Sintonen describes several vulnerabilities in the scp clients shipped with OpenSSH, PuTTY, and others. "Many scp clients fail to verify if the objects returned by the scp server match those it asked for. This issue dates back to 1983 and rcp, on which scp is based. A separate flaw in the client allows the target directory attributes to be changed arbitrarily. Finally, two vulnerabilities in clients may allow server to spoof the client output." The outcome is that a hostile (or compromised) server can overwrite arbitrary files on the client side. There do not yet appear to be patches available to address these problems.
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Security updates for Monday

화, 2019/01/15 - 1:43오전
Security updates have been issued by Arch Linux (python-django and python2-django), Debian (sqlite3, systemd, and vlc), Fedora (mingw-nettle and polkit), Mageia (graphicsmagick, python-django, spice-vdagent, and to), openSUSE (aria2, discount, gpg2, GraphicsMagick, gthumb, haproxy, irssi, java-1_7_0-openjdk, java-1_8_0-openjdk, libgit2, LibVNCServer, and sssd), Red Hat (systemd), Scientific Linux (systemd), Slackware (irssi and zsh), SUSE (LibVNCServer and sssd), and Ubuntu (gnome-bluetooth and systemd).
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Kernel prepatch 5.0-rc2

월, 2019/01/14 - 9:00오전
The second 5.0 prepatch is out for testing. "So the merge window had somewhat unusual timing with the holidays, and I was afraid that would affect stragglers in rc2, but honestly, that doesn't seem to have happened much. rc2 looks pretty normal."
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Another set of stable kernel updates

월, 2019/01/14 - 1:06오전
The stable-kernel machine has churned out another set of releases: 4.20.2, 4.19.15, 4.14.93, 4.9.150, 4.4.170, and 3.18.132 have all been released with a large set of important fixes.
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[$] Approaching the kernel year-2038 end game

토, 2019/01/12 - 3:05오전
In January 2038, the 32-bit time_t value used on many Unix-like systems will run out of bits and be unable to represent the current time. This may seem like a distant problem, but, as Tom Scott recently observed, the year-2038 apocalypse is now closer to the present than the year-2000 problem. The fact that systems being deployed now will still be operating in 2038 adds urgency to the issue as well. The good news is that work has been underway for years to prepare Linux for this date, so there should be no need to call developers out of retirement in 2037 in a last-minute panic. Some of the final steps in this transition for the core kernel have been posted, and seem likely to be merged for 5.1.
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Metasploit 5.0 released

토, 2019/01/12 - 1:29오전
Version 5.0 of the Metasploit penetration-testing framework is out. "Metasploit 5.0 offers a new data service, introduces fresh evasion capabilities, supports multiple languages, and builds upon the Framework’s ever-growing repository of world-class offensive security content. We’re able to continue innovating and expanding in no small part thanks to the many open source users and developers who make it a priority to share their knowledge with the community. You have our gratitude."
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