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LWN.net is a comprehensive source of news and opinions from and about the Linux community. This is the main LWN.net feed, listing all articles which are posted to the site front page.
업데이트: 2시간 33분 지남

[$] Home Assistant, the Python IoT Hub

목, 2020/06/11 - 8:38오전
The Internet of Things (IoT) push continues to expand as tens of thousands of different internet-enabled devices from light bulbs to dishwashers reach consumers' homes. Home Assistant is an open-source project to make the most of all of those devices, potentially with no data being shared with third parties.
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[$] Seccomp and deep argument inspection

목, 2020/06/11 - 8:16오전
Kees Cook has been doing some thinking about plans for new seccomp features to work on soon. There were four separate areas that he was interested in, which he detailed in a lengthy mid-May message on the linux-kernel mailing list. One of those features, deep argument inspection, has been covered here before, but it would seem that we are getting closer to a resolution on how that all will work.
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Security updates for Wednesday

수, 2020/06/10 - 11:50오후
Security updates have been issued by Arch Linux (chromium, firefox, gnutls, python-django, thunderbird, tomcat7, tomcat8, and tomcat9), CentOS (unbound), Debian (bluez, firefox-esr, kernel, and linux-4.9), Oracle (kernel), Red Hat (.NET Core, .NET Core 3.1, kernel, kernel-rt, libexif, microcode_ctl, pcs, and virt:rhel), SUSE (gnutls, java-1_7_0-ibm, kernel, microcode_ctl, nodejs10, nodejs8, rubygem-bundler, texlive, texlive-filesystem, thunderbird, and ucode-intel), and Ubuntu (intel-microcode, kernel, libjpeg-turbo, linux, linux-aws, linux-aws-5.3, linux-azure, linux-azure-5.3, linux-gcp, linux-gcp-5.3, linux-gke-5.3, linux-hwe, linux-kvm, linux-oracle, linux-oracle-5.3, linux, linux-aws, linux-aws-hwe, linux-azure, linux-azure-4.15, linux-gcp, linux-gke-4.15, linux-hwe, linux-kvm, linux-oem, linux-oracle, linux, linux-aws, linux-azure, linux-gcp, linux-kvm, linux-oracle, linux, linux-aws, linux-kvm, linux, linux-lts-trusty, and linux-gke-5.0, linux-oem-osp1).
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Second Debian Med COVID-19 hackathon

수, 2020/06/10 - 7:53오전
The Debian Med team joined a COVID-19 Biohackathon last April and is planing on doing it again on June 15-21.

A recently shared pre-publication draft paper highlights which software tools are considered useful "to Accelerate SARS-CoV-2 and Coronavirus Research". Many of these tools would benefit from being packaged in Debian and all the advantages that Debian brings for both users and upstream alike.

As in the first sprint most tasks do not require any knowledge of biology or medicine, and all types of contributions are welcome: bug triage, testing, documentation, CI, translations, packaging, and code contributions.

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The "special register buffer data sampling" hardware vulnerability

수, 2020/06/10 - 4:03오전
We have not had a new CPU vulnerability for a little while — a situation that was clearly too good to last. The mainline kernel has just merged mitigations for the "special register buffer data sampling" vulnerability which, in short, allows an attacker to spy on the random numbers obtained by others. In particular, the results of the RDRAND instruction can be obtained via a speculative attack.

The mitigation involves more flushing and the serialization of RDRAND. That means a RDRAND instruction will take longer to run, but it also means that RDRAND requires locking across the system, which will slow things considerably if it is executed frequently. There are ways to turn the mitigations off, of course. See this new kernel document for more information.

These fixes are currently queued to be part of the 5.7.2, 5.6.18, 5.4.46, 4.19.128, 4.14.184 4.9.227, 4.4.227, and 3.16.85 stable updates.

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'The world is really changing': Why Linux on desktop is taking a sudden leap forward (TechRepublic)

수, 2020/06/10 - 2:58오전

TechRepublic interviewed Lenovo's general manager and executive director of the Workstation & Client AI Group Rob Herman about the company's plans to begin optionally pre-loading enterprise versions of the Red Hat and Ubuntu Linux distributions across its P Series ThinkPad and ThinkStation products, putting Linux on parity with Microsoft Windows for those product lines. "'Around the workstation and what I would call the performance computing world, the world is really changing [...] We're starting to see a lot more use of data science and AI workloads on performance client products like workstations, [and] we're seeing software development need the ability for more customization and flexibility.' This is where Linux and the power of open source come into the picture, says Herman. This is particularly crucial in artificial intelligence data science and content creation applications, areas Lenovo is eager to tap. 'Overall, we see content creators looking for an edge, looking for a new way, a new platform to develop on,' says Herman. 'The number of Linux users is increasing year on year, so from a market standpoint, we see it's the right time to do it.'"

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Security updates for Tuesday

수, 2020/06/10 - 12:06오전
Security updates have been issued by Debian (libpam-tacplus), Gentoo (gnutls), Oracle (unbound), Scientific Linux (freerdp and unbound), and SUSE (firefox, java-11-openjdk, java-1_7_0-openjdk, java-1_8_0-openjdk, nodejs10, and ruby2.1).
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Plasma 5.19 released

화, 2020/06/09 - 11:11오후
Version 5.19 of the KDE Plasma desktop is out. "In this release, we have prioritized making Plasma more consistent, correcting and unifying designs of widgets and desktop elements; worked on giving you more control over your desktop by adding configuration options to the System Settings; and improved usability, making Plasma and its components easier to use and an overall more pleasurable experience."
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[$] A crop of new capabilities

화, 2020/06/09 - 4:51오전
Linux capabilities empower the holder to perform a set of specific privileged operations while withholding the full power of root access; see the capabilities man page for a list of current capabilities and what they control. There have been no capabilities added to the kernel since CAP_AUDIT_READ was merged for 3.16 in 2014. That's about to change with the 5.8 release, though, which is set to contain two new capabilities; yet another is currently under development.
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Security updates for Monday

월, 2020/06/08 - 11:44오후
Security updates have been issued by Debian (cups, dbus, gnutls28, graphicsmagick, libupnp, and nodejs), Fedora (gnutls, kernel, libarchive, php-phpmailer6, and sympa), openSUSE (axel, GraphicsMagick, libcroco, libreoffice, libxml2, and xawtv), Oracle (bind, firefox, freerdp, and kernel), Red Hat (bind, freerdp, and unbound), Scientific Linux (firefox), SUSE (dpdk, file-roller, firefox, gnuplot, libexif, php7, php72, slurm_20_02, and vim), and Ubuntu (gnutls28).
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Some weekend stable kernel updates

월, 2020/06/08 - 7:31오전
The 5.7.1, 5.6.17, 5.4.45, and 4.19.127 stable kernel updates have been released with another set of important fixes.
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Rosenzweig: Bifrost meets GNOME: Onward & upward to zero graphics blobs

토, 2020/06/06 - 2:19오전
Alyssa Rosenzweig provides an update on the Panfrost driver for Mali GPUs on the Collabora blog. "In the past 3 months since we began work on Bifrost, fellow Collaboran Tomeu Vizoso and I have progressed from stubbing out the new compiler and command stream in March to running real programs by May. Driven by a reverse-engineering effort in tandem with the free software community, we are confident that against proprietary blobs and downstream hacks, open-source software will prevail."
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[$] 5.8 Merge window, part 1

토, 2020/06/06 - 1:32오전
Just over 7,500 non-merge changesets have been pulled into the mainline repository since the opening of the 5.8 merge window — not a small amount of work for just four days. The early pulls are dominated by the networking and graphics trees, but there is a lot of other material in there as well. Read on for a summary of what entered the kernel in the first part of this development cycle.
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Security updates for Friday

금, 2020/06/05 - 11:08오후
Security updates have been issued by CentOS (bind, firefox, and freerdp), Debian (netqmail and python-django), Fedora (cacti, cacti-spine, dbus, firefox, gjs, mbedtls, mozjs68, and perl), Oracle (freerdp and kernel), Scientific Linux (bind and firefox), Slackware (mozilla), SUSE (krb5-appl, libcroco, libexif, libreoffice, libxml2, qemu, transfig, and vim), and Ubuntu (firefox, freerdp, and python-django).
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[$] DMA-BUF cache handling: Off the DMA API map (part 1)

금, 2020/06/05 - 3:54오전
Recently, the DMA-BUF heaps interface was added to the 5.6 kernel. This interface is similar to ION, which has been used for years by Android vendors. However, in trying to move vendors to use DMA-BUF heaps, we have begun to see how the DMA API model doesn't fit well for modern mobile devices. Additionally, the lack of clear guidance in how to handle cache operations efficiently, results in vendors using custom device-specific optimizations that aren't generic enough for an upstream solution. This article will describe the nature of the problem; the upcoming second installment will look at the path toward a solution.
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Security updates for Thursday

목, 2020/06/04 - 10:15오후
Security updates have been issued by Debian (firefox-esr), Fedora (firefox and prboom-plus), Oracle (bind), Red Hat (firefox), and SUSE (osc).
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[$] LWN.net Weekly Edition for June 4, 2020

목, 2020/06/04 - 10:08오전
The LWN.net Weekly Edition for June 4, 2020 is available.
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[$] The history and evolution of PHP governance

목, 2020/06/04 - 6:43오전
The PHP language is widely used in solving some of the most interesting technical problems on the web. But for a language with widespread use, it is unique — or at least an outlier — in the way it’s governed compared to other open-source projects. Unlike others, PHP governance has grown into something fairly democratic for a project its size, allowing almost anyone to bring an idea to the table. If it’s popular enough, that idea can find it's way into a future release. That is, of course, as long as there is a developer to put in the work to make it happen.
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FreeNAS is coming to Linux

목, 2020/06/04 - 6:14오전
The FreeNAS distribution implements network-attached storage on top of the ZFS filesystem; it was reviewed here back in 2015. FreeNAS has always been based on FreeBSD, but now iXsystems, the company behind this system, has announced a new version, called TrueNAS SCALE, that will be based on Debian. "Linux is a key requirement to achieve some of the SCALE project goals". More information about those goals will evidently be forthcoming in the future.
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[$] Free user space for non-graphics drivers

목, 2020/06/04 - 4:10오전
In the kernel graphics world, there has been a longstanding "line in the sand" that disallows merging kernel drivers without a corresponding free-software user-space driver. The idea is that not having a way to test the full functionality means that the kernel developers cannot verify the proper functioning and security of the driver; changes to the kernel driver may lead to unforeseen (and untestable) problems on the user-space side. More recently, though, we have seen other types of devices with complex drivers, but no useful free user-space piece, that have been proposed for inclusion into the kernel; at least one was merged, but the tide has perhaps turned against those types of drivers at this point—or some of them, anyway.
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